- Genes & Diseases,Volume 6, Issue 2,2014, Pages 109-119
- Emergence of antibiotic resistance Pseudomonas aeruginosa in intensive care unit; a critical review
- PreetiPachori1, RaginiGothalwal1, PuneetGandhi2
- 1.Department of Biotechnology, Barkatullah University, Bhopal 462026, Madhya Pradesh, India;2.Department of Research, Bhopal Memorial Hospital and Research Centre (BMHRC), Bhopal 462037, Madhya Pradesh, India
The emergence of antibiotic resistant bacteria in the healthcare is a serious concern. In the Healthcare premises precisely intensive care unit are major sources of microbial diversity. Recent findings have demonstrated not only microbial diversity but also drug resistant microbes largely habitat in ICU. Pseudomonas aeruginosa found as a part of normal intestinal flora and a significant pathogen responsible for wide range of ICU acquired infection in critically ill patients. Nosocomial infection associated with this organism including gastrointestinal infection, urinary tract infections and blood stream infection. Infection caused by this organism are difficult to treat because of the presence of its innate resistance to many antibiotics (β-lactam and penem group of antibiotics), and its ability to acquire further resistance mechanism to multiple class of antibiotics, including Beta-lactams, aminoglycosides and fluoroquinolones. In the molecular evolutionmicrobes adopted several mechanism to maintain genomic plasticity. The tool microbe use for its survival is mainly biofilm formation, quorum sensing, and horizontal gene transfer and enzyme promiscuity. Such genomic plasticity provide an ideal habitat to grow and survive in hearse environment mainly antibiotics pressure. This review focus on infection caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, its mechanisms of resistance and available treatment options. The present study provides a systemic review on major source of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in ICU. Further, study also emphasizes virulence gene/s associated with Pseudomonas aeruginosa genome for extended drug resistance. Study gives detailed overview of antibiotic drug resistance mechanism.
AntibioticsBlood stream infectionsInfectionPathogenResistanceUrinary tract infections
Copyright © 2014 Chongqing Medical University. Published by Elsevier B.V