- Genes & Diseases,Volume 6, Issue 2,2014, Pages 120-128
- Impact of gene mutation in the development of Parkinson's disease
- SuganyaSelvaraj1, ShanmughavelPiramanayagam2
- 1.Computational Biology Lab, Department of Bioinformatics, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, 641046, India;2.Professor, Computational Biology Lab, Department of Bioinformatics, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, 641046, India
Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common age related neurodegenerative disorder worldwide and presents as a progressive movement disorder. Globally seven million to 10 million people have Parkinson's disease. Parkinsonism is typically sporadic in nature. Loss of dopaminergic neurons from substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) and the neuronal intracellular Lewy body inclusions are the major cause of PD. Gene mutation and protein aggregation play a pivotal role in the degeneration of dopamine neurons. But the actual cause of dopamine degeneration remains unknown. However, several rare familial forms of PD are associated with genetic loci, and the recognition of causal mutations has provided insight into the disease process. Yet, the molecular pathways and gene transformation that trigger neuronal susceptibility are inadequately comprehended. The discovery of a mutation in new genes has provided a basis for much of the ongoing molecular work in the PD field and testing of targeted therapeutics. Single gene mutation in a dominantly or recessively inherited gene results a great impact in the development of Parkinson's disease. In this review, we summarize the molecular genetics of PD.
Gene mutationMitochondrial dysfunctionParkinson's diseaseProtein aggregationSusceptibility genes
Copyright © 2014 Chongqing Medical University. Published by Elsevier B.V